Jack St. Clair Kilby was an American electrical engineer and famous co-inventor of the first integrated circuit. He was also the co-inventor of the thermal printer, the handheld computer and has patents for seven other inventions. On December 10th, 2000 he was awarded the Nobel prize in Physics. Ex. American President Bill Clinton wrote a letter congratulating Kilby for his inventions.
Jack Kilby was born on November 8, 1923, in Jefferson City, Missouri. Jack Kilby was graduated at Great Bend High School which is located in Bend, Kansas. The Common Areas and entrances of the town commemorate were named as The Jack Kilby Commons Area.
Jack St. Clair Kilby received his degree is Bachelors of Science from the University of Illinois. He received his masters of science in electrical engineering from the University of Wisconsin while working at Centralab.
Jack Kilby spent his summer vacation time in designing the circuits and he came up with a solution by manufacturing circuit components. He presented his invention to Mark Shepherd CEO and Chairman of Texas Instruments (TI). Jack Kilby showed them a piece of Germanium attached to an oscilloscope and turned on a switch which showed continuous sine waves and proved his integrated circuit worked. On February 6, 1959, the first integrated circuit was filed by Jack Kilby along with Robert Noyce who got credited as co-inventor of the first integrated circuit for his independent similar circuit.
Jack Kilby invented the handheld calculator along with Jerry Merryman and James Van Tassel. He also invented first military systems, the first computer with integrated circuits and thermal Printer. In 1970 he took leave of absence from TI (Texas Instruments) and worked as an independent inventor and researched on generating Power from sunlight using silicon technology. From 1978 to 1984 he worked in the position as professor of Electrical Engineering at Texas A&M University. He announced his retirement from Texas Instruments (TI) in 1983.
Jack St. Clair Kilby left his body on June 20, 2005, in Dallas, Texas after fighting cancer.